Moore, Hester K v. “Disaggregating LGBTIQ Protection Concerns: Experiences of Displaced Communities in Nairobi.” Cambridge, MA: Refugepoint, 2018.

This paper examines humanitarian agencies’ experiences working with the LGBTIQ refugee community in Nairobi. It argues for the disaggregation of protection approaches according to respective queer refugee communities, and presents recommendations for the enhancement of protection for these separate groups in urban contexts. The paper was guided by the following topics of interest as they intersect with the LGBTIQ refugee community in Nairobi:
  1. (1)  What are the distinct protection concerns of Lesbian, Bisexual, and Queer (LBQ), Men who have Sex with Men (MSM), trans*, intersex, and Unaccompanied Minor (UAM) communities; and what interventions are best suited to meet the needs of each group?
  2. (2)  What are the roles of humanitarian agencies in engendering empowerment and/or reinforcing negative structures amongst the LGBTIQ refugee community?
  3. (3)  What are the effects of cash-based interventions (CBI) as a protection tool; and, how can agencies prioritise interventions for particularly vulnerable individuals (from within an already generally vulnerable group) without dividing the larger community?
  4. (4)  How can agencies achieve an intersection of protection and self-reliance for LGBTIQ refugees?
  5. (5)  How can humanitarian agencies improve on internal and external procedures to benefit the LGBTIQ refugee community?
The paper concludes that agencies can more effectively empower queer refugee communities by moving away from applying group methodologies to LGBTIQ persons. This is necessarily tied to a more intricate understanding of the individual needs of separate communities, and the implementation of some protection programmes outside of a traditional protection mainstreaming approach.